Types of Heat Pumps

Are you searching for a new heating and cooling system? A high-efficiency heat pump could be precisely what your home needs. Many people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but today’s heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also offer cooling in the warm months for year-round comfort from just one little system.

If we’ve sparked your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the different types of heat pumps before you choose what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a special type of HVAC system capable of both heating and cooling. In the summer, they work similarly to an air conditioning unit, using electricity to remove heat from your home. Then, a reversing valve makes it possible for the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are recognized for their amazing efficiency. Because they transport heat rather than create it from a fuel source, heat pumps can achieve more than 300% efficiency. This is compared to a top mark of 98% efficiency for modern gas-fired furnaces. By buying a heat pump, you’re not just deciding on comfort; you’re going with a system known for sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Even though heat pumps have a number of subcategories, each unit can be categorized into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most popular type of heat pump. Installing them is generally simple, and these systems perform extremely well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps make use of the ambient air as a method for heat exchange. In other words, they extract heat from the outside air during the cold months and take heat out of your home during the summertime.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is situated near a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump might be an option. These systems use water as the medium for heat exchange, supplying another efficiency boost. While less common than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water close to the home, these are a useful option for homeowners with the ideal environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you want the single most efficient climate control method around, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are worthwhile options. These units use the earth’s stable underground temperature to create consistent and very efficient heating and cooling. The drawback to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and price of installation, which often requires excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

After you identify what heat pump style you need in your home, the next step is to choose the right subtype. Your selections include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you reside in an area with dramatic temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can offer the best of both worlds. These systems come in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps vary between these two methods of operation, adapting to current weather conditions for the best efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces mostly use the heat pump if there is mild weather. Then, when temperatures plummet, the gas-fired furnace kicks in, cutting down on the use of energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Blending renewable energy with home heating and cooling is a great way to cut your energy bills and help the environment. Solar heat pumps work using power created by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally friendly homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have a couple of choices for setting up your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the regular setup for most of the homes with existing ductwork. The inside unit is commonly installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the outdoor unit is located on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this setup, all mechanical pieces are located in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is ideal for homes or commercial buildings lacking indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also known as mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions where ductwork isn’t present. Each room can have an indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, providing targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact devices are recommended for small spaces or to meet temporary needs. While less efficient than other choices, they have the benefit of quick and straightforward installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you want to to install a heat pump, call the certified team at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can rest easy knowing you’ll get a job well done every time. Our skilled technicians will see to it your heat pump system is tailored to your needs, from installation to routine maintenance to occasional repairs.

Do you want to indulge in home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!